Probate means that there is a court case that deals with:
- Transferring the property of someone who has died to the heirs or beneficiaries;
- Deciding if a will is valid; and
- Taking care of the financial responsibilities of the person who died.
In a probate case, an executor (if there is a will) or an administrator (if there is no will) is appointed by the court as personal representative to collect the assets, pay the debts and expenses, and then distribute the remainder of the estate to the beneficiaries (those who have the legal right to inherit), all under the supervision of the court.